Traveling by train in Bangladesh – Everything you need to know

Traveling by train in Bangladesh

Traveling by train in Bangladesh could be a great experience in your Bangladesh tour. In no way it will be similar to your experience in Europe or America. You’ll be thrilled watching how people fight to board a train as soon as it arrive in a station, the rush in them to get up and down, all the small vendors trying to sell every kind of thing to the passengers through the windows of the train. It will be a complete different experience. That is why, you should have at least one traveling by train in your itinerary on Bangladesh tour.

Bangladesh has a largely British-built rail network linking most major towns and cities, including Dhaka, Chittagong, and Sylhet. The network is divided into two halves, eastern and western, by the great rivers Jamuna which divides the country itself. The western network is largely broad gauge, and the eastern network largely metre gauge. Bangladesh has 2,855 route kilometres of rail line. Bangladesh Railway is the state-owned rail transport agency of Bangladesh. It operates and maintains the entire railway network of the country.

Traveling by train is the most popular way of travel in Bangladesh. It is much cheaper than buses, as it is providing services to the nation at a subsidized rate in order to help the country’s economy and for the ease of people. It is better to make reservation 5-6 days prior to your journey.

Types of trains in Bangladesh

Bangladesh Railway operates 3 types of trains:

  • Inter-City Trains: Fast quality train, fully air-conditioned, restaurant car, AC class seats, 1st class & 2nd class seats.
  • Express Trains: Slower than InterCity trains. Air-conditioned class seats, 1st & 2nd class seats.
  • Mail Trains: AC class 2-berth sleepers, 1st class 4-berth sleepers, 1st, 2nd, 3rd class seats.

Classes at trains in Bangladesh

Inside a train in Bangladesh

Bangladesh Railway features mainly three classes of Travel. Air Conditioned Class, First Class, and Second Class. Second Class is divided into Shovon Chair, Shovon, and Shulov sub-classes. In some trains a separate mail compartment is present. In Inter-City and long-distance trains, a pantry car and a power car is included in the center. All Inter-City trains are partially airconditioned, feature padded leather seats and berths, and provide passengers with on-demand sheets, pillows, blankets, as well as meals and refreshments.

  • Tapanukul / First class AC
    This is the most expensive class. This air conditioned coach is present only on popular Inter-City routes. The coaches are carpeted, have sleeping accommodation, ample leg room and have privacy features like personal coupes.
  • First class
    This class is basically non air-conditioned. Has sleeping berths, ample leg room.
  • First class Chair
    Seater coach with a total of five seats in a row on broad gauge trains and four seats in a row on meter gauge trains. used for day travel between cities.
  • 2nd Class – Shovon Chair
    The 2nd Class Shovon Chair is basically a seater coach preferred by most of the middle-class passengers. Has a total of five seats in a row on broad gauge trains and four seats in a row on meter gauge trains.
  • 2nd Class – Shovon
    One of the cheapest classes. seats are not very comfortable.
  • 2nd Class – Shulov
    The cheapest accommodation, with seats made of pressed wood or steel and are cushioned. Only found in sub-urban and short-distance routes. Although entry into the compartment is guaranteed, a sitting seat is not guaranteed. These coaches are usually very crowded.

Train schedule in Bangladesh

Train runs everyday through the major cities in Bangladesh. Some trains have a day off in every week. A complete and latest schedule could be found at the Railway website here.

Traveling by train from India to Bangladesh

Traveling by train in Maitree Express

The “Maitree (Friendship) Express” train was inaugurated on 14 April, 2008, the Bengali New Year Day (Pahela Baisakh), between Dhaka and Kolkata taking 13.00 hrs. running time including time taken for customs & immigration formalities. In addition, there is a goods train service from Singhabad and Petrapole in India to Rohanpur and Benapole in Bangladesh, respectively. A new rail link between Agartala, India and Akhaura was approved by the Government of India in September 2011.


Maitree Express runs on Bi-Weekly basis. BR Rake 3107 will run on Friday from Dhaka to Kolkata, and 3108 Kolkata to Dhaka on Saturday. IR Rake 3109 will run on Tuesday from Kolkata to Dhaka, and 3110 Wednesday from Dhaka to Kolkata.


  • AC First/Cabin – USD 20 +15 % Vat
  • AC Chair Car – USD 12+15 % Vat.
  • Non-AC Chair Car – USD 8
  • 300 Taka Travel Tax to be paid at the time of purchase of ticket for all classes.

A more details could be found at the Railway website here.

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Raw Hasan (র. হাসান) is the Founder and CEO of Nijhoom Tours - an award winning tour operator in Bangladesh specializing in organizing inbound tours for foreigners, specially the western tourists. While not traveling or busy with the desk works, he loves to write about traveling beautiful Bangladesh. Connect with him in Facebook and Twitter for updates and help about visiting Bangladesh.
1 Comment
  1. Turna kono Train er class na, eti 1ti Train er name. plz shongshodhon korun.

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