https://nijhoom.com Sat, 24 Jun 2017 05:55:34 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://nijhoom.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/cropped-dot-com-favicon-32x32.png https://nijhoom.com 32 32 38445207 The Mosque City of Bagerhat: History, How to go, What to see https://nijhoom.com/mosque-city-bagerhat/ https://nijhoom.com/mosque-city-bagerhat/#respond Sat, 06 May 2017 14:39:25 +0000 https://nijhoom.com/?p=12397 The Mosque City of Bagerhat: History, How to go, What to see

History, characteristics, how to reach, and what to see on the Mosque City of Bagerhat, a UNESCO World Heritage site from the medieval period.

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The Mosque City of Bagerhat: History, How to go, What to see

The Mosque City of Bagerhat: History, How to go, What to see

In the early fifteenth century on the inhospitable mangrove swamps of the Sundarbans, a beautiful township named Khalifatabad was founded by a saint-general named Ulugh Khan Jahan, which is current day Bagerhat, located on the south-western part of Bangladesh, and a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Khan Jahan was either forced by unknown political circumstances to immigrate, or he was specially comissioned by the court of Delhi to settle a Muslim colony in this distant region. This remarkable adventurer, who was undoubtedly the earliest tourch bearer of Islam in the south, braved all natural hazards in this unclaimed swampland and systematically laid out the nucleus of an affluent capital city, unnoticed in the annals of the period.

Ulugh Khan Jahan, who was a contemporary of the independent Bengal Sultan Nasiruddin Muhammad Shah (1442-59), seems neither to have owed his allegiance to the Sultan nor to the Lodi Sultan of Delhi. He ruled over an extensive jungle territory in and around Khalifatabad, virtually as an independent chief, but seems never to have issued coins in this name or assumed any lofty sovereign title – the two prerogatives of an independent ruler.

The Sixty Dome Mosque at Bagerhat

© The Sixty Dome Mosque at Bagerhat. Photo Credit: Raw Hasan

Significant Structures of Bagerhat

Khan Jahan adorned his capital city with numerous mosques, – traditionally 360 in number – bridges, roads, reservoirs, palaces, mousolea and other public buildings in an astonishingly short span of time. It is said that Khan Jahan Ali merched through jungles with sixty thousand follower.

Every time he reached a major township, he left behind some of his disciples to engage in social work, and continued to proceed southward with the rest of his entourage, and finally settled in bagerhat. The saint’s primary objective in rendering the swampy southern region of Bengal habitable was to spread Islam. Some of the significant structures still remaining in the city are as follows.

The shrine of Khan Jahan Ali

© The shrine of Khan Jahan Ali. Photo Credit: Joe Coyle on Flickr

The Shrine of Khan Jahan

The chief monument in Bagerhat is the single-domed dargah serves as Khan Jahan’s mausoleum, which is located on the northern embankment of the Thakur Dighi. It is a common belief in Bagerhat that Khan Jahan Ali chose this site a few years before he died, and that he even laid a tombstone wpon which his followers later recorded his death: Dhu al-Hijjah 27, 863 A.H. (October 25, 1459 C.E.).

The entrance of the shrine features a typical Bengali chau-chala vaulted roof situated between two broad, pointed-arch passageways. The central row of chou-chala domes is reminiscent of the bamboo rafters used in the rural huts of Bengal.

Entrance of the shrine of Khan Jahan at Bagerhat

© Entrance of the shrine of Khan Jahan. Photo Credit: Raw Hasan

The tomb rests on a base of five rows of dressed black stone that derive their form directly from earlier Pala traditions.

Within the enclosed area to the west, there is an identical mosque with a stone tomb located between the two buildings. The tomb is traditionally ascribed to Pir Ali, alias Muhammad Tahir, a close associate of the saint.

The Sixty Dome Mosque at Bagerhat

© The Sixty Dome Mosque at Bagerhat. Photo Credit: Daniel Whitfield

Sixty Dome Mosque

Among the many surviving monuments of the Khan Jahan style and undoubtably the most magnificent and largest brick mosque in Bangladesh, is the so called Sixty Dome Mosque. In reality, the mosque is roofed over with 77 small domes including seven chau-chala Bengali domes in the central row.

The prayer hall is 160’X190′ in size, which can accommodate about 2,000 people for prayer. It has 11 arched doorways on the east, and seven each on the north and south, for ventilation and light.

The entrance of Sixty Dome Mosque at Bagerhat

© The entrance of Sixty Dome Mosque at Bagerhat. Photo Credit: Joe Coyle on Flickr

The sanctuary is divided by a forest of slender stone columns, into seven longitudinal aisles and eleven deep bays from which rows of endless arches spring to support the domes. The slightly battered 6′ thick walls and the almost detached circular corner turrets, each capped by small rounded cupolas, resemble the bastions of a fortress.

The central mihrab on the western sanctuary wall is of stone, whilst the flanking mihrabs are elegantly ornamented with terracotta floral scrolls in deep apses, with flanking pilasters and engrailed arches. The spandrels, however, are sparsely decorated with with large expanding terracotta rosettes in the traditional art style of Bengal.

© Inside the Sixty Dome Mosque at Bagerhat. Photo Credit: Raw Hasan

Unlike most of the contemporary mosques of that time, there is no provision for an exclusive enclosure known as bahshah-ka-takht or “the King’s throne” in this mosque. However there is a small arched doorway in the western wall close to the central mihrab which is an unusual feature. The western or the qibla wall, therefore, has only ten mihrabs instead of eleven.

The long bare, and unplastered brick facade is relieved only by the typical curved Bengali battlements and cornice which, on the east, is broken in the center by a small triangular pediment from which the cornice slopes gracefully away towards the corner towers.

A corner tower of Sixty Dome Mosque at Bagerhat

© A corner tower of Sixty Dome Mosque at Bagerhat. Photo Credit: Joe Coyle on Flickr

In general appearance this noble monument, with its stark simplicity and massiveness, strongly resembles the strength and austerity of the cyclopean grandeur of the Tughlaq architecture of Delhi.

The Nine-Domed Mosque at Bagerhat

© The Nine-Domed Mosque at Bagerhat. Photo Credit: Raw Hasan

Nine-Domed Mosque

The Nine-Domed Mosque, located on the western bank of Thakur Dighi, is an elegant squire mosque which has recently been extensively repaired. It is covered with nine low hemispherical domes supported on four slender stone columns. It has three arched entrances to the east, north, and south sides and the western wall is relieved inside with three corresponding arched mihrabs, of which the central one is larger than the others.

The mihrabs are embellished with terracota floral scrolls and foliage motifs within rectangular bands of panels, and the monotony of the plain 7′-8″ thick walls is only broken by the pairs of arched lamp niches on the west, north, and south walls. Prominent chain-and-bell terracotta motifs adorn the center of each mihrab.

The round corner turrets are divided by eight bands of moldings and the outer walls are releived with tall vertical sunken panels terminating in pointed arches below the cornice. The obiquitious curved cornice, which is a common feature of all these monuments, is also a feature of the decoration here.

The Singair Mosque at Bagerhat

© The Singair Mosque at Bagerhat. Photo Credit: Raw Hasan

Singair Mosque

The Singair Mosque is a 40′-9″ square single doomed structure with 7′ thick walls. It has four rounded corner turrets, relieved with five bands of brick moldings, and the cornices on all four sides are gently curved.

On the eastern face there are three arched entrances within the rectangular frames, whilst on the north and south walls there are single entrances. The central mihrab on the west wall, framed within rectangular brick moldings, is sparsely embellished with terracotta rosettes and foliate motifs.

The corner squinch and brick pendentives are plain, and brackets supporting them were probably of stone.

The Bibi Begni Mosque at Bagerhat

© The Bibi Begni Mosque at Bagerhat. Photo Credit: Raw Hasan

Bibi Begni Mosque

Bibi Begni Mosque is similar to the Singair Mosque in general, only larger and more massively built, with 9′-9″ thick walls. There are three arched entrances on the east and single arched openings on the north and south. corresponding to the three entrances, the west wall is relieved with three ornate mihrabs of which the central one is much larger than those flanking it. The mihrabs are bordered with rectangular moldings and ornamented with multi-cusped arches and terracotta floral panels, each of which has a prominent central chain-and-bell motif.

There are two arched lamp niches on each of the west, north, and south walls. The four round corner turrets are divided by ten brick moldings but their crowning kiosks are missing.

The Chunakhola Mosque at Bagerhat

© The Chunakhola Mosque at Bagerhat. Photo Credit: Raw Hasan

Chunakhola Mosque

Chunakhola Mosque is picturesquely located on an isolated low mound amidst an expanse of flat cultivated fields. In plan and elevation, this single domed small monument closely resembles the Singair Mosque and has similarly suffered heavily at the hands of the inclement weather of this area.

Reference:
  • Discover the Monuments of Bangladesh, by Dr. Nazimuddin Ahmed
  • The Mystic Contribution: Khan Jahan Ali and the Creation of Bagerhat, by Rudabeh Shahid

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Have you ever visited the Mosque City of Bagerhat? How amazing have you found it? Which one is your favorite mosque at the Mosque City of Bagerhat and why? Have I missed something here? Share your thoughts and experience with us in comments.

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Bangladesh tourist places: A complete list https://nijhoom.com/bangladesh-tourist-places/ https://nijhoom.com/bangladesh-tourist-places/#respond Fri, 05 May 2017 19:40:47 +0000 http://nijhoom.com/?p=389 Bangladesh tourist places: A complete list

A complete list of all the tourist sites you can't miss while visiting Bangladesh. Updated regularly.

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Bangladesh tourist places: A complete list

Shiva temple at Puthia - Bangladesh tourist places

Bangladesh is a very beautiful country. It has many sites of historical value and beauty. Some of them are very famous, others people don’t even know about. It cradles the largest mangrove swamp in the world, Buddhist kingdoms dated back to the 3rd century B.C., lush tea plantations, stunning beaches, temples with full of terracotta in the walls, mosques, and it’s people – most generous and open-hearted you’ll meet. In this article, we listed Bangladesh tourist places. If you know about any other site which we’ve missed here, let us know in the comment.

Sights in Dhaka

  • Lalbag Fort – A Fort from Mughal period.
  • Ahsan Manjil (Pink Palace) – Residence of the Dhaka Nawabs.
  • Armenian Church – Remaining of the Armenian colony in Bangladesh from 17th century.
  • Star Mosque – A beautiful mosque decorated with stars in every inches of the outer walls.
  • Khan Muhammad Mridha Mosque – Beautiful mosque from Mughal period, erected in 1706.
  • Dhakeswari Temple – City’s main Hindu temple dating back to the 12th century.
  • National Assembly building – Finest work of world-renowned American architect Louis Kahn.

Sights around Dhaka

  • Folk-Art and Crafts foundation – Historical place in the old capital, Sonargaon.
  • Panam Nagar – A wealthy city of Hindu merchants in the old capital, Sonargaon.
  • Panch Pir tomb and mosque – 15th century mosque at Sonargaon
  • Goaldi mosque – Mosque erected at 1519 at sonargaon
  • Baliati Palace – Mysterious palace of Hindu Land-owners from british period.

Sights at Rajshahi Division

  • Tajhat Palace – Palace of Hindu land-owners at Rangpur
  • Kantajew Temple – Hindu temple at Dinajpur, every inchees of walls ornamented with terracotta plates telling epic hindu stories
  • Natore Palace – Series of palaces of the king of Natore
  • Somapuri Vihara – Buddhist temple from 8th century A.D.
  • Mahasthangarh – Oldest known city in Bangladesh, dated back to the 3rd century B.C.

Know about any other site in Bangladesh? Write in the comment. We’ll add that.

Further reading on Bangladesh tourist places

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Ahsan Manzil: History, Visiting Hours, and Entry Fees https://nijhoom.com/ahsan-manzil-pink-palace/ https://nijhoom.com/ahsan-manzil-pink-palace/#comments Fri, 05 May 2017 18:57:19 +0000 http://nijhoom.com/?p=329 Ahsan Manzil: History, Visiting Hours, and Entry Fees

History, visiting hours, and entry fees of Ahsan Manzil (Pink Palace) - the palace of Dhaka Nawabs. A key tourist attraction in Dhaka city.

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Ahsan Manzil: History, Visiting Hours, and Entry Fees

History, visiting hours, entry fees, and other details of Ahsan Manzil, a beautiful palace in old Dhaka.

The making of Ahsan Manzil

In mughal period, there was a summer house of Sheikh Enayet Ullah, the landlord of Jamalpur porgona (district), in this place. Sheikh Enayet Ullah was a very charming person. He acquired a very big area in Kumartuli and included in his summer house. Here he built a beautiful palace and named it “Rangmahal”. He used to entertain here keeping beautiful girls collecting from home and abroad, dressing them with gorgeous dresses and expensive ornaments.

There is a saying that, the Foujdar of Dhaka (representative of Mughal emperor) in that time was attracted to one of the beautiful girls among them. He invited Sheikh Enayet Ullah in a party one night and killed him in a conspiracy when he was returning home. That girl also committed suicide in anger and sorrow. There was a one doomed cemetery of Sheikh Enayet Ullah in the north-east corner of the palace yard, which was ruined in the beginning of 20th century.

Front view of Ahsan manzil (Pink Palace), a beautiful palace at Old Dhaka in Bangladesh.

Probably in the period of Nawab Alibardi Khan around 1740 A.D., Sheikh Moti Ullah, the son of Sheikh Enayet Ullah, sold the property to the french traders. There was a french trading house beside this property. The trading house became wealthier after purchasing this property. In that time, french traders could do business here without paying any taxes by a decree from the emperor Awrangajeb.

In that time, the French became very wealthy doing business here in competition with the English and other Europian companies. They made a big palace and dug a pond for sweet water in the newly purchased property. The pond still exists in the compound of Ahsan Manzil, which was called “Les Jalla” in that time. In the English-French war, French got defeated and all their properties was captured by the English. In the 22nd June of 1757, the French left the trading house with a fleet of 35 boats from the river station of Buriganga in Kumartuli.

Long stairs of Ahsan Manzil, a beautiful palace in Old Dhaka.

In 1785, the English transferred the property to a French tradesman named Mr. Champigni, and retaken it at 1801. According to Paris agreement of 1814, the French claimed all their left properties at Dhaka, and in 1827 the property was again returned to the French. For the increasing power of the English, the French was forced to left subcontinent. They decided to sell all their properties in Dhaka. So in 1830, the trading house of Kumartuli was purchased by the established landlord of Dhaka Khwaja Alimullah.

After some renovation work, the trading house became the residence of Khwaja Alimullah. In his time, a stable and a family mosque was added in the compound. After his death, his son Khwaja Abdul Gani made a great prosper to the property, and named it “Ahsan Manzil” on his son Ahsan Ullah. In the east side of the old building, he made a new building with a different design, and also done great renovation work to the old building. Since than, the old building was called “Ondor Mohol” and the new building was called “Rong mohol”.

Partition made of wood in Ahsan Manzil, a beautiful palace from colonial period in Old Dhaka.

Restoration of Ahsan Manzil

In the evening of 7th April, 1888, a great tornado hit Dhaka city causing great damage. Ahsan Manzil was greatly damaged and abandoned. An English engineer from Kolkata arrived here to examine the palace. He gave opinion that except the “Rangmahal”, all other parts of the palace have to be reconstructed. So Khwaja Abdul Gani and his son Ahsanullah turned their full attention to reconstruct the palace. Both of the building was reconstructed during that time with a new design made and supervised by the local engineer Gobinda Chandra Roy.

The old French building was reconstructed to a two storied building keeping similarity to the Rangmahal. A gangway was made with wood connecting the first floor of two building. The most beautiful thing made in this time was the doom, which made the palace so beautiful.

After the death of Khwaja Ahsanullah in 1901, the glory of Ahsan Manzil was ended. His successors couldn’t continue the glory for the internal family quarrel. They rented different parts of the palace to tenants, who actually made it a slum. In 1952 govt. acquired the property and left in supervision of the Dhaka Nawab court. In 1985, Dhaka National Museum acquired the property and made it a museum.

Side view of Ahsan Manzil, a beautiful palace at Old Dhaka in Bangladesh.

Have you ever visited Ahsan Manzil (Pink Palace)? How amazing have you found it? Share your experience with us in comments!

You might also be interested in reading 13 Best places to visit in Bangladesh you can’t miss and 101 Things to know about traveling Bangladesh.

Entry fees of Ahsan Manzil

  • Local Tourists: 20 TK
  • SAARC Country Tourists: 75 TK
  • Other Foreigners: 100 TK

Visiting hours of Ahsan Manzil

Summer Season (April – September)
  • Saturday – Wednesday: 10.30 AM – 05.30 PM
  • Friday: 03.00 PM – 07.30 PM
  • Thursday: Weekly Holiday
Winter Season (October – March)
  • Saturday – Wednesday: 09.30 AM – 04.30 PM
  • Friday: 03.00 PM – 07.30 PM
  • Thursday: Weekly Holiday
Eid Holidays
  • Ahsan Manzil will remain closed for visitors during Eid day and the previous day of Eid. It will remain open as usual from the next day of Eid day.
Govt. Holidays
  • Ahsan Manzil will remain closed during any govt. holiday.
Ramadan Timing
  • Ahsan Manzil will be closed at 04.00 PM during the holy month of Ramadan.
Reference:
  • Ahsan Manzil O Dhakar Nawab: Oitihasik Ruprekha – Dr. Muhammad Alamgir

Check out our Old Dhaka Tour to visit the key attractions of Dhaka city, including Ahsan Manzil. Full day tour starts from $52 with air-conditioned car, English speaking guide, all site entrance tickets, and lunch on a local restaurant with authentic local food.

Traveling on budget? Check out this Dhaka City Tour or these half day and full day tours in Dhaka suitable for the budget tourists and backpackers.

To travel Bangladesh with comfort, check out our 01-07 days tours and excursions in Bangladesh and 08-23 days holiday packages in Bangladesh.

History, visiting hours, entry fees, and other details of Ahsan Manzil, a beautiful palace in Old Dhaka.
History, visiting hours, entry fees, and other details of Ahsan Manzil, a beautiful palace in Old Dhaka.

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Lalbagh Fort: History, Visiting Hours, and Entry Fees https://nijhoom.com/history-lalbagh-fort/ https://nijhoom.com/history-lalbagh-fort/#respond Fri, 05 May 2017 18:56:18 +0000 http://nijhoom.com/?p=199 Lalbagh Fort: History, Visiting Hours, and Entry Fees

History, visiting hours, and entry fees of Lalbagh Fort, a beautiful Mughal architecture in Bangladesh. A key attraction of Dhaka city.

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Lalbagh Fort: History, Visiting Hours, and Entry Fees

Lalbagh Fort - A beautiful Mughal architecture in Bangladesh

Lalbagh Fort is the most popular and renowned fort and a great signature of art by Mughal Empire in Bangladesh. It is also known as Fort Aurangabad. It is located in Lalbagh of old Dhaka, hence named so. It is situated by the bank of the river Buriganga in a rich red soil.

History of Lalbagh Fort

Lalbagh Fort is an incomplete structure by a Mughal prince and later emperor himself named Muhammad Azam (third son of Aurangazeb). He started the work of the fort in 1678 during his vice-royalty in Bangladesh (Previous Bengal). He stayed in Bengal for 15 months. It remained incomplete when he was called by his father Aurangazeb to the capital Delhi.

Shaista Khan was the new Subedar (Governor) of Dhaka in that time, and he did not complete the fort. In 1684, the daughter of Shaista Khan named Iran Dukht (Pari Bibi) died there. After her death, he started thinking the fort as ominous, and left the structure incomplete. Among the 3 major parts of Lalbagh Fort, one is the tomb of Pari Bibi.

After Shaista Khan left Dhaka, it lost its popularity. The main cause was that the capital was shifted from Dhaka to Murshidabad. After the end of royal Mughal period, the fort became abandoned. In 1844, the area achieved its name as Lalbagh replacing Aurangabad, so the fort as Lalbagh Fort.

Tomb of Pari Bibi at Lalbagh Fort in Old Dhaka.

© Photo: Raul Vibal on Flickr

Parts of Lalbagh Fort

Lalbagh Fort consists of three buildings:

  1. The Mosque (west side)
  2. The tomb of Pari-Bibi (middle of east-west of the fort)
  3. The Diwan-i-aam palace (east side)

The mosque was used for prayer in that time, and still in use. The beautiful structure and the handy work there are great. People get amazed by seeing this kind of royal art. Many Islamic art and wall designs are preserved there.

Minarate at Lalbagh Fort

Shaista khan couldn’t make this fort better but designing the tomb of Pari Bibi gorgeously. He brought Marble stone, tiles, handy-crafts of flower-leaves there. This is the only place in Bangladesh where 9 rooms under there decorated with this kind of items. The roofs are made of black stones. In the top of the tomb, the dome is covered with pure copper. This beautiful 20.2 meter tomb was inaugurated in 1688.

Diwan-i-aam is the greatest part of Lalbagh Fort. It was used as office in that time. Diwan-i-aam is the place from where the Mughal ruler gave directions to the ordinary people once in a week. There is also a royal bathroom known as Hammam.

There are 3 gateways to enter the fort. The southern gateway is the most important and one can see it from Buriganga. It has a three-storied structure. But the middle structure is covered by Minaret. That is why it looks like a 2 storied structure.

In the total area of Lalbagh fort there are also Royal gardens and a drainage system. After a certain time Mughal emperor Aurangazeb donated the fort to Shaista khan in memory of his daughter Pari Bibi. The successor of Shaista khan got revenue after his death by leasing the fort to the government. After 1853 the cantonment was replaced in Lalbagh Fort from Purana Paltan. Currently, the Archaeological department of Bangladesh is maintaining this Historical place. This has become a key tourist attraction in Dhaka. Almost 3 million people visit this place every year.

Have you ever visited Lalbagh Fort? How amazing have you found it? Share your experience with us in comment!

You might also be interested in reading 13 Best places to visit in Bangladesh you can’t miss and 101 Things to know about traveling Bangladesh.

Check out our Old Dhaka Tour to visit the key attractions of Dhaka city, including Lalbagh Fort. Full day tour starts from $52 with air-conditioned car, English speaking guide, all site entrance tickets, and lunch on a local restaurant with authentic local food.

Traveling on budget? Check out this Dhaka City Tour or these half day and full day tours in Dhaka suitable for the budget tourists and backpackers.

To travel Bangladesh with comfort, check out our 01-07 days tours and excursions in Bangladesh and 08-23 days holiday packages in Bangladesh.

Entry fees of Lalbagh Fort

  • Local Tourists: 20 TK
  • SAARC Country Tourists: 100 TK
  • Other Foreigners: 200 TK

Visiting hours of Lalbagh Fort

Summer Season (April – September)
  • Tuesday – Saturday: 10.00 AM – 01.00 PM, 01.30 PM – 06.00 PM
  • Friday: 10.00 AM – 12.30 PM, 02.30 PM – 06.00 PM
  • Sunday: Weekly Holiday
  • Monday: 02.30 PM – 06.00 PM
Winter Season (October – March)
  • Tuesday – Saturday: 09.00 AM – 01.00 PM, 01.30 PM – 05.00 PM
  • Friday: 09.00 AM – 12.30 PM, 02.00 PM – 05.00 PM
  • Sunday: Weekly Holiday
  • Monday: 01.30 PM – 05.00 PM
Eid Holidays
  • Lalbagh Fort will remain closed for visitors during Eid day and the previous day of Eid. It will remain open as usual from the next day of Eid day.
Govt. Holidays
  • Lalbagh Fort will remain closed during any govt. holiday.
Ramadan Timing
  • Lalbagh Fort will be closed at 04.00 PM during the holy month of Ramadan.

History, visiting hours, entry fees, and other details of Lalbagh Fort, a beautiful Mughal period fort in Old Dhaka.
History, visiting hours, entry fees, and other details of Lalbagh Fort, a beautiful Mughal period fort in Old Dhaka.

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Reports from Western travelers after their recent visit to Bangladesh, about the security situation in Bangladesh after the restaurant attack in July, 2016.

Old Dhaka Tour – Full day sight seeing in Dhaka City

Popular Holiday Packages in Bangladesh:

08 Days Tour in Bangladesh to Sundarbans with Rocket Steamer

Sundarbans Excursion with Rocket

08 DAYS   $760 USD*


24-31 Mar, 21-28 Apr, 2017


22-29 Sep, 03-10 Nov 2017


01-08 Dec, 2017


19-26 Jan, 19-26 Feb, 2018


11 Days Highlights of Bangladesh Tour

Highlights of Bangladesh

11 DAYS   $1,025 USD*


07-17 Apr, 08-18 Sep, 2017


01-11 Jan, 02-12 Apr, 2018


05-15 Oct, 2018


14 Days Glory of Bangladesh Tour

Glory of Bangladesh

14 DAYS   $1,420 USD*


06-19 Oct, 15-28 Dec, 2017


05-18 Mar, 01-14 Sep, 2018


07-20 Dec, 2018


18 Days Best of Bangladesh Tour

Best of Bangladesh

18 DAYS $1,970 USD*


10-27 Nov, 2017


02-19 Feb, 02-19 Nov, 2018


23 Days Exploring of Bangladesh Tour

Exploring Bangladesh

23 DAYS $2,500 USD*


03-25 Mar, 08-30 Dec, 2017


02-24 Mar, 03-25 Dec, 2018


27 Days Discover Bangladesh Tour

Discover Bangladesh

27 DAYS $2,985 USD*


01-27 Oct, 2017


03-29 Jan, 03-29 Oct, 2018


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Nayabad Mosque: Great Mughal architecture in Dinajpur https://nijhoom.com/nayabad-mosque/ https://nijhoom.com/nayabad-mosque/#respond Fri, 05 May 2017 18:26:26 +0000 http://nijhoom.com/?p=2216 Nayabad Mosque: Great Mughal architecture in Dinajpur

Beautiful mosque from the Mughal period at Dinajpur, just 1.5km away from the Kantajew Temple, built by Muslim architectural workers who built the temple.

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Nayabad Mosque: Great Mughal architecture in Dinajpur

Nayabad Mosque at Dinajpur in Bangladesh

Nayabad Mosque is located in the bank of the river Dhepa, just 1.5km south-west of the infamous Kantaji Temple at Dinajpur in Bangladesh. The mosque is named after the village “Nayabad” in which it stands in the Police Station of Kaharole. According to an inscription found on the central doorway, it was constructed at 1793 AD in the reign of Mughal Emperor shah alam II. During that period, Raja Baidyanath, the last of the Dinajpur Royal family, was the Zaminder (feudal land owner).

Nayabad Mosque was erected at a time when the soil of Dinajpur had already been enriched with one of the most remarkable navaratna temples, the Kantajew Temple in 1752 AD. The founding Royal family of Dinajpur was still prominent. According to local traditions, the mosque was built by Muslim architectural workers who had come to this place from the west to build Kantaji Temple. They had settled in Nayabad, a village near the temple, and had built the mosque for their own use. There is a grave of an unknown person in the premises of the mosque. Local people believe, this is the grave of Kalu Khan, the master architect of Kantaji Temple.

A Tower at Nayabad Mosque

It is an oblong three-domed mosque with octagonal towers at the four corners. There are three arched entrances to enter the mosque. Among them, the central one is bigger than the flanking ones. These are equal in height and width. There is an arched window each on the south and north sides. Inside in the western wall there are three mihrabs in line with the three entrances. The central mihrab is bigger than the flanking ones which are of equal size. Three hemispherical domes cover the mosque, of which the central one is bigger than the side ones. Pendentives have been used in their phase of transition. The parapet and cornice are straight.

Terracotta plaques have been used in decoration of the mosque. At present there are about 104 terracotta plaques rectangular in shape, used in the surface decoration of the mosque walls. The platform of the mosque is enclosed by a low brick wall with only one access from the east. On either side of the mosque are to be seen a number of tombs each of found fixed over the central doorway of the mosque.

Have you ever visited the mosque? Share your experience with us in comments!

Further reading on Nayabad Mosque
Interested in visiting Nayabad Mosque? Take a Heritage Tour with us!

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Reports from Western travelers after their recent visit to Bangladesh, about the security situation in Bangladesh after the restaurant attack in July, 2016.

Hire Guide Tour | Cheap Holiday Tour Packages – Bangladesh

Popular Holiday Packages in Bangladesh:

08 Days Tour in Bangladesh to Sundarbans with Rocket Steamer

Sundarbans Excursion with Rocket

08 DAYS   $760 USD*


24-31 Mar, 21-28 Apr, 2017


22-29 Sep, 03-10 Nov 2017


01-08 Dec, 2017


19-26 Jan, 19-26 Feb, 2018


11 Days Highlights of Bangladesh Tour

Highlights of Bangladesh

11 DAYS   $1,025 USD*


07-17 Apr, 08-18 Sep, 2017


01-11 Jan, 02-12 Apr, 2018


05-15 Oct, 2018


14 Days Glory of Bangladesh Tour

Glory of Bangladesh

14 DAYS   $1,420 USD*


06-19 Oct, 15-28 Dec, 2017


05-18 Mar, 01-14 Sep, 2018


07-20 Dec, 2018


18 Days Best of Bangladesh Tour

Best of Bangladesh

18 DAYS $1,970 USD*


10-27 Nov, 2017


02-19 Feb, 02-19 Nov, 2018


23 Days Exploring of Bangladesh Tour

Exploring Bangladesh

23 DAYS $2,500 USD*


03-25 Mar, 08-30 Dec, 2017


02-24 Mar, 03-25 Dec, 2018


27 Days Discover Bangladesh Tour

Discover Bangladesh

27 DAYS $2,985 USD*


01-27 Oct, 2017


03-29 Jan, 03-29 Oct, 2018


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Baliati Palace: History, How to go, Visiting Hours, Entry Fees https://nijhoom.com/baliati-palace/ https://nijhoom.com/baliati-palace/#respond Fri, 05 May 2017 18:21:17 +0000 http://nijhoom.com/?p=261 Baliati Palace: History, How to go, Visiting Hours, Entry Fees

History, description, and visiting hours of the mysterious Baliati Palace in Manikganj, a less known site to the outer world.

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Baliati Palace: History, How to go, Visiting Hours, Entry Fees

Front view of Baliati Palace

Baliati Palace is a less known tourist spot in Bangladesh to the outer world located at Shaturia in Manikganj. It is one of the finest specimens of 19th century monuments of the Renaissance colonial style in Bangladesh. The founder of the Baliati Zaminder was one Govinda Ram Shaha, who was a big salt merchant in the middle of the 18th century. He left four sons: Dadhi Ram, Ananda Ram, Pandit Ram, and Golap Ram. They built all these buildings in the palace complex. The famous Jagannath College in Dhaka was founded and endowed by a member of Baliati family, Babu Kishori Lal Roy Chowdhury.

Decoration in Baliati palace wall

The building complex consisted of seven separate blocks surrounded by a high enclosure wall pierced by three identical gateways, surmounted with a lion. The complex occupying an area of 5.88 acres of land and containing over 200 rooms of various shapes and dimensions. To the north, there is a tank with regular masonry landings. The central block of upper storey has a decorative hall called Rong Mohal, which is now used as a museum.

The palatial complex is now preserved as a protected cultural properties (antiquities). The department of archaeology protected this site on 1987.

Have you visited Baliati palace? Let us know how do you think about the palace in comments!

Visiting Hours of Baliati Palace

Summer Season (April – September)
  • Tuesday – Saturday: 10.00 AM – 01.00 PM, 01.30 PM – 06.00 PM
  • Friday: 10.00 AM – 12.30 PM, 02.30 PM – 06.00 PM
  • Sunday: Weekly Holiday
  • Monday: 02.30 PM – 06.00 PM
Winter Season (October – March)
  • Tuesday – Saturday: 09.00 AM – 01.00 PM, 01.30 PM – 05.00 PM
  • Friday: 09.00 AM – 12.30 PM, 02.00 PM – 05.00 PM
  • Sunday: Weekly Holiday
  • Monday: 01.30 PM – 05.00 PM
Eid Holidays
  • Baliati Palace will remain closed for visitors during Eid day and the previous day of Eid. It will remain open as usual from the next day of Eid day.
Govt. Holidays
  • Baliati Palace will remain closed during any govt. holiday.
Ramadan Timing
  • Baliati Palace will be closed at 04.00 PM during the holy month of Ramadan.
Further reading on Baliati Palace

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Hire Guide Tour | Cheap Holiday Tour Packages – Bangladesh

Popular Holiday Packages in Bangladesh:

08 Days Tour in Bangladesh to Sundarbans with Rocket Steamer

Sundarbans Excursion with Rocket

08 DAYS   $760 USD*


24-31 Mar, 21-28 Apr, 2017


22-29 Sep, 03-10 Nov 2017


01-08 Dec, 2017


19-26 Jan, 19-26 Feb, 2018


11 Days Highlights of Bangladesh Tour

Highlights of Bangladesh

11 DAYS   $1,025 USD*


07-17 Apr, 08-18 Sep, 2017


01-11 Jan, 02-12 Apr, 2018


05-15 Oct, 2018


14 Days Glory of Bangladesh Tour

Glory of Bangladesh

14 DAYS   $1,420 USD*


06-19 Oct, 15-28 Dec, 2017


05-18 Mar, 01-14 Sep, 2018


07-20 Dec, 2018


18 Days Best of Bangladesh Tour

Best of Bangladesh

18 DAYS $1,970 USD*


10-27 Nov, 2017


02-19 Feb, 02-19 Nov, 2018


23 Days Exploring of Bangladesh Tour

Exploring Bangladesh

23 DAYS $2,500 USD*


03-25 Mar, 08-30 Dec, 2017


02-24 Mar, 03-25 Dec, 2018


27 Days Discover Bangladesh Tour

Discover Bangladesh

27 DAYS $2,985 USD*


01-27 Oct, 2017


03-29 Jan, 03-29 Oct, 2018


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Ratargul swamp forest: Only freshwater swamp forest in Bangladesh https://nijhoom.com/ratargul-swamp-forest/ https://nijhoom.com/ratargul-swamp-forest/#respond Fri, 05 May 2017 18:03:09 +0000 http://nijhoom.com/?p=2350 Ratargul swamp forest: Only freshwater swamp forest in Bangladesh

Details on only fresh-water swamp forest in Bangladesh - Ratargul swamp forest. Best place to spend a whole day exploring in a local wooden boat.

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Ratargul swamp forest: Only freshwater swamp forest in Bangladesh

Ratargul Swamp Forest in Bangladesh

Freshwater swamp forests, or flooded forests, are forests which are inundated with freshwater, either permanently or seasonally. They normally occur along the lower reaches of rivers and around freshwater lakes. Freshwater swamp forests are found in a range of climate zones, from boreal through temperate and subtropical to tropical. Ratargul Swamp Forest is the only freshwater swamp forest in Bangladesh.

Ratargul Swamp Forest is located in Goainghat area of Sylhet. This forest is flooded by the water coming from hills of India only in the monsoon period and make the swamp. Other time, it remains dry. Water of this beautiful forest is so clear that you can see the bottom layer. Water level never remains in the same level on this forest. It depends on the quantity of rainfalls. Water level could be 15-20 feet in the forest on the time of heavy rainfall. Total area of the forest is 3325.61 acres, among which 504 acres of forest was declared wildlife sanctuary in 1973.

Main trees of this forest are zigzag style Koroch and Hizal tree. Root of these trees are in two level. One in the ground, and another in the mid level which is used while the forest is flooded in the monsoon time. If someone sees this forest in monsoon time, he may think these trees are born above the water because of the roots in mid level. Among wildlife, monkeys, snakes, frogs, and many types of birds are seen here.

4 months in monsoon period is the best time to explore the forest. You can hire a local wooden boat and spend a whole day wondering and relaxing in the forest. Other time there will be no water in the forest, and you have to walk in clay. If you want to spend a whole day in Sylhet division, Ratargul Swamp Forest is the best place for doing so!

Further reading on Ratargul Swamp Forest

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Traveler’s report on recent security situation in Bangladesh

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Sylhet & Srimangal tour packages

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19-26 Jan, 19-26 Feb, 2018


11 Days Highlights of Bangladesh Tour

Highlights of Bangladesh

11 DAYS   $1,025 USD*


07-17 Apr, 08-18 Sep, 2017


01-11 Jan, 02-12 Apr, 2018


05-15 Oct, 2018


14 Days Glory of Bangladesh Tour

Glory of Bangladesh

14 DAYS   $1,420 USD*


06-19 Oct, 15-28 Dec, 2017


05-18 Mar, 01-14 Sep, 2018


07-20 Dec, 2018


18 Days Best of Bangladesh Tour

Best of Bangladesh

18 DAYS $1,970 USD*


10-27 Nov, 2017


02-19 Feb, 02-19 Nov, 2018


23 Days Exploring of Bangladesh Tour

Exploring Bangladesh

23 DAYS $2,500 USD*


03-25 Mar, 08-30 Dec, 2017


02-24 Mar, 03-25 Dec, 2018


27 Days Discover Bangladesh Tour

Discover Bangladesh

27 DAYS $2,985 USD*


01-27 Oct, 2017


03-29 Jan, 03-29 Oct, 2018


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07 Best things to do in Dhaka for the ultimate experience https://nijhoom.com/7-best-things-to-do-in-dhaka/ https://nijhoom.com/7-best-things-to-do-in-dhaka/#comments Fri, 05 May 2017 18:00:51 +0000 http://nijhoom.com/?p=8947 07 Best things to do in Dhaka for the ultimate experience

List of 07 best things to do in Dhaka for an authentic experience of the city. Must things to do in Dhaka for the first time travelers.

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07 Best things to do in Dhaka for the ultimate experience

07 Best things to do in Dhaka for the ultimate experience.

Dhaka is a mega city, and the capital city of Bangladesh. About 16 million people live on this city which makes it one of the most densely populated city in the world. Dhaka is full of crowd, traffic, and chaos. For a Western traveler, this will be overwhelming on the first sight. But after the first impression, if you can explore the treasures the city has to offer, you’ll feel very intimidated. Here is a list of the best things to do in Dhaka city for any foreign tourist who do not have a similar culture at their home.

Best things to do in Dhaka city

Making a list of the best things to do in a city on a specific order is difficult. Still we put the afford to make a list of the best things to do in Dhaka city, which might raise some arguments. Please do share your opinion and suggestions about the list in comments.

Riding rickshaw on the street of Dhaka. One of the best things to do in Dhaka.

© Riding a cycle-rickshaw at Old Dhaka. Photo Credit: Niaz Morshed

01. Ride a rickshaw

Dhaka is the city of Rickshaws. Thousands of rickshaws roam around the streets of Dhaka. Although rickshaw is banned from the main streets, they are the king on any small street. Rickshaw is the most popular transport to travel in Dhaka. They are also very cheap. Don’t miss a chance to ride a rickshaw on any street of Dhaka. Riding a rickshaw comes as number one on our list of the best things to do in Dhaka city.

Boat ride on river Buriganga. One of the best things to do in Dhaka.

© Boat ride at river Buriganga. Photo Credit: Masbah Mazumdar

02. Boat ride at Buriganga

Buriganga is a live and vibrant river located in the southern part of Dhaka city called Old Dhaka. This river defines the end of the city. Buriganga river is as busy as the streets of Dhaka, full of large passenger boats, cargo boats, small engine boats, and tiny little wooden boats which cross thousand of people every day to the city and back. It would be an amazing experience to have a boat ride on river Buriganga while visiting Dhaka. Boat ride at Buriganga comes as number two on our list of the best things to do in Dhaka city.

Biriyani, the authentic local food of Dhaka.

© Dhaka’s authentic food – Biriani

03. Taste Biriyani

Biriyani is a famous food of Dhaka. It is very popular among the people of old Dhaka. They eat Biriyani in their breakfast, lunch, dinner, and even in their dreams! Biriyani arrived in Dhaka with the Mughals, and has become a part of the city.

Biriyani is made with finest quality rice, meat, and spices. Meat and rice are cooked separately before being layered and cooked together. If you visit Dhaka, Biriyani is the most authentic food to taste, specially in any restaurant at Old Dhaka. “Hajir Biriani” and “Nanna Biriyani” are two of the most famous Biriyani shop at Old Dhaka. Tasting Biriyani comes as number three on our list of the best things to do in Dhaka city.

Eating like a local in Dhaka. One of the best things to do in Dhaka city.

© Eating like a local with hands. Photo Credit: Raw Hasan

04. Eat like a local

While at Dhaka, go for a lunch or dinner at an authentic local restaurant and eat like a local to have an authentic experience of the city. Plain rice, different curries, and lentil is the most popular and authentic food in Dhaka. Also people eat here with their hand, specially right hand. Taste plain rice with different curries of meat and fish and some liquid lentil, and eat with your right hand. That will make you a local. Eating like a local comes as number four on our list of the best things to do in Dhaka city.

A back-street of Dhaka.

© A narrow street of Old Dhaka. Photo: Magalie L’Abbe on Flickr

05. Explore back-streets of Old Dhaka

Beside visiting the best tourist attractions of Dhaka city, explore the backstreets of Old Dhaka. Old Dhaka has many interesting streets which are very rewarding to explore, specially if you like photography. Shakhari Bazar (Hindu Street), Islampur Road, Bongshal road, Chawk Bazar, Begum Bazar are some of the most interesting streets in Old Dhaka to explore. Exploring the backstreets of Dhaka comes as number five on our list of the best things to do in Dhaka city.

Shopping at New Market in Dhaka

© Dhaka’s New Market. Photo Credit: Wikimapia

06. Shop local garments

Bangladesh is one of the top garments producer in the whole world. Here on some places you can buy the best quality tea-shirts, shirts, and jeans in a very cheap price. Shop as much as you can while you are in Dhaka. New Market is the best place to go for this kind of shopping. Shopping local garments comes as number six on our list of the best things to do in Dhaka city.

Drinking tea on a street tea stall at Dhaka. One of the best things to do in Dhaka.

© Tea is available to sip everywhere. Photo Credit: Raw hasan

7. Drink tea on a street tea-stall

People in Bangladesh generally love to drink tea. Dhaka’s street tea stalls are very popular among the locals for a quick snack and drinking tea. Drink tea on a street tea stall anywhere in Dhaka while visiting the city to feel like a local. They will was the cup for you with boiled water, so less likely to become sick. Drinking tea on a street tea stall comes as number seven on our list of the best things to do in Dhaka city.

What is the best experience you had in Dhaka? Share with us in comments. Check out our Old Dhaka Tour for a full day tour in new and Old Dhaka to have the best experience of the city. We will show you all the key attractions of Dhaka including it’s backstreets, take you for rickshaw and boat ride, and take you on lunch in an authentic local restaurant to enjoy authentic Old Dhaka food.

Traveling on budget? Check out this Dhaka City Tour or these half day and full day tours in Dhaka suitable for the budget tourists and backpackers.

To travel Bangladesh with comfort, check out our 01-07 days tours and excursions in Bangladesh and 08-23 days holiday packages in Bangladesh.

Best experience to have in Dhaka for the ultimate experience of the city
Best experience to have in Dhaka for the ultimate experience of the city

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Traveler’s report on security situation in Bangladesh after 2016 attack

Traveler’s report on recent security situation in Bangladesh

Reports from Western travelers after their recent visit to Bangladesh, about the security situation in Bangladesh after the restaurant attack in July, 2016.

Old Dhaka Tour – Full day sight seeing in Dhaka City

Popular Holiday Packages in Bangladesh:

08 Days Tour in Bangladesh to Sundarbans with Rocket Steamer

Sundarbans Excursion with Rocket

08 DAYS   $760 USD*


24-31 Mar, 21-28 Apr, 2017


22-29 Sep, 03-10 Nov 2017


01-08 Dec, 2017


19-26 Jan, 19-26 Feb, 2018


11 Days Highlights of Bangladesh Tour

Highlights of Bangladesh

11 DAYS   $1,025 USD*


07-17 Apr, 08-18 Sep, 2017


01-11 Jan, 02-12 Apr, 2018


05-15 Oct, 2018


14 Days Glory of Bangladesh Tour

Glory of Bangladesh

14 DAYS   $1,420 USD*


06-19 Oct, 15-28 Dec, 2017


05-18 Mar, 01-14 Sep, 2018


07-20 Dec, 2018


18 Days Best of Bangladesh Tour

Best of Bangladesh

18 DAYS $1,970 USD*


10-27 Nov, 2017


02-19 Feb, 02-19 Nov, 2018


23 Days Exploring of Bangladesh Tour

Exploring Bangladesh

23 DAYS $2,500 USD*


03-25 Mar, 08-30 Dec, 2017


02-24 Mar, 03-25 Dec, 2018


27 Days Discover Bangladesh Tour

Discover Bangladesh

27 DAYS $2,985 USD*


01-27 Oct, 2017


03-29 Jan, 03-29 Oct, 2018


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Sonargaon: The tale of a golden village https://nijhoom.com/sonargaon-tale/ https://nijhoom.com/sonargaon-tale/#respond Fri, 05 May 2017 18:00:47 +0000 http://nijhoom.com/?p=361 Sonargaon: The tale of a golden village

History of the old capital of Bengal - Sonargaon, and it's current day remaining. A must visiting site in the outskirt of Dhaka.

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Sonargaon: The tale of a golden village

Sonargaon: The tale of a golden village

The ancient capital of Sonargaon (or “Golden Village” in Bengali) flourished as the region’s major inland port and center of commerce during the pre-Muslim period. The name Sonargaon came as the Muslim version of the ancient name Suvarnagrama.

Hindu ruler Danujamadhava Dasharathadeva shifted his capital to Suvarnagrama from Bikrampur sometime in the middle of the 13th century. With the Muslim invasion and the arrival of the sultan of Elhi in 1280, it’s importance magnified as the region’s de facto Islamic capital. Some 42 years later, the first independent sultan of East Bengal, Fakhruddin Mubarak Shah, officially established his capital in Sonargaon.

For the next 270 years, Sonargaon, known as the ‘Seat of the Mighty Majesty’, prospered as the capital of East Bengal, and the Muslim rulers minted their money here. By the second quarter of the fourteenth century Sonargaon developed into a commercial metropolis; seafaring boats could easily reach Sonargaon from west Asian and southeast Asian countries. 14th century Moroccan traveller, Ibn Batuta, describes Sonargaon as an important port city which had direct commercial relations with countries like China, Indonesia (Java) and the Maldives.

Bridge from Mughal period at Sonargaon

Mu Huany, an envoy from the Chinese emperor, visited Sultan Ghiyasuddin Azam Shah’s splendid court here in 1406. He observed that Sonargaon was a walled city with broad streets, great mausoleums and bazaars where business of all kinds was transacted. In 1558, famous traveler Ralph Fitch noted that it was an important center for the manufacture and export of Kantha (traditional indigo-dyed muslin), the finest in all of India. Ancient Egyptian mummies were reportedly wrapped in this Kantha exported from Bengal.

When the invading Mughals ousted the Sultans, they regarded Sonargaon’s location along the region’s major river as too exposed to Portuguese and Mogh pirates. So in 1608, they moved the capital to Jahangirnagar (later named ‘Dhaka’), thus initiating Sonargaon’s long decline into oblivion. Yet it’s legendary fame for incredibly fine Muslim fabric continued undiminished until foreign competition from the British (and their import quotas) ruined the trade.

Tomb and Mosque of Panch Pir at Sonargaon

It rose to some eminence in the nineteenth century when Panam-Nagar was established as a trading centre in cotton fabrics, chiefly English piece goods. The extant remains of Panam-Nagar represent residential houses built by Hindu merchants following colonial style with inspiration derived from European sources.

The remains of the city of Sonargaon are not found in a well-defined composition. There remains now in Sonargaon that can be ascribed to the Hindu capital city except a deep muddy stagnant canal surrounding the site which appears to have originally been a moat for the protection of the city. The existing remains are a few medieval buildings, mostly religious, and belonging to the Sultanate and Mughal periods, some Mughal bridges and a few residential buildings of the colonial period in the Panam Nagar. Other remainings are Goaldi Mosque (1519) and Abdul Hamid’s mosque (1433-36), and the tomb of Ghiyasuddin Azam Shah. It is a must visit site near Dhaka while visiting Bangladesh.

Have you ever visited Sonargaon? How amazing have you found it? Share your thought and experience with us in comment!

You might also be interested in reading Sonargaon Travel Guide: Visiting Museum, Panam Nagar, and around and Goaldi Mosque: The historical sultanate period mosque in Sonargaon.

Check out our Old Capital Tour to visit Folk-arts and crafts museum, Panam Nagar, Goaldi Mosque, a river island of Meghna, and more. Full day tour starts from $52 with air-conditioned car, English speaking guide, all site entrance tickets, and lunch on a local restaurant with authentic local food.

Traveling on budget? Check out this Sonargaon Day Tour or these half day and full day tours in Dhaka suitable for the budget tourists and backpackers.

To travel Bangladesh with comfort, check out our 01-07 days tours and excursions in Bangladesh and 08-23 days holiday packages in Bangladesh.

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Traveler’s report on recent security situation in Bangladesh

Reports from Western travelers after their recent visit to Bangladesh, about the security situation in Bangladesh after the restaurant attack in July, 2016.

Old Capital Tour at Sonargaon

Popular Holiday Packages in Bangladesh:

08 Days Tour in Bangladesh to Sundarbans with Rocket Steamer

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08 DAYS   $760 USD*


24-31 Mar, 21-28 Apr, 2017


22-29 Sep, 03-10 Nov 2017


01-08 Dec, 2017


19-26 Jan, 19-26 Feb, 2018


11 Days Highlights of Bangladesh Tour

Highlights of Bangladesh

11 DAYS   $1,025 USD*


07-17 Apr, 08-18 Sep, 2017


01-11 Jan, 02-12 Apr, 2018


05-15 Oct, 2018


14 Days Glory of Bangladesh Tour

Glory of Bangladesh

14 DAYS   $1,420 USD*


06-19 Oct, 15-28 Dec, 2017


05-18 Mar, 01-14 Sep, 2018


07-20 Dec, 2018


18 Days Best of Bangladesh Tour

Best of Bangladesh

18 DAYS $1,970 USD*


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02-19 Feb, 02-19 Nov, 2018


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02-24 Mar, 03-25 Dec, 2018


27 Days Discover Bangladesh Tour

Discover Bangladesh

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01-27 Oct, 2017


03-29 Jan, 03-29 Oct, 2018


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Armenian Church in Dhaka: The quiet church from colonial era https://nijhoom.com/armenian-church-dhaka/ https://nijhoom.com/armenian-church-dhaka/#respond Fri, 05 May 2017 18:00:42 +0000 http://nijhoom.com/?p=300 Armenian Church in Dhaka: The quiet church from colonial era

History of the beautiful Armenian Church, located at Armanitola in Old Dhaka. Know how the church was made in 18th century and by whom.

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Armenian Church in Dhaka: The quiet church from colonial era

Armenian Church of holy Resurrection, the witness of the strong presence of Armenian community in Dhaka on 17th & 18th century

Armenian community in Dhaka

In 17th and 18th century, there was a strong presence of Armenians in Dhaka. When Persians conquered Eastern Armenia, Shah Abbas (king) deported about 40,000 Armenian traders to Isfahan and New Julfa. From there, they arrived at Bengal following the footsteps of the Persians. They establish their own trading community there, which was recognized by the Mughal govt. since late 17th century. They used to trade textile, jute, and lather. Their colony in Dhaka is still known as Armanitola. Armenian Church in Dhaka bears testimony to the existence of a significant Armenian community in the region.

Armenian Church of Holy Resurrection in Old Dhaka

Making of Armenian Church in Dhaka

In faith, the Armenians were Christians belonging to Greek or Orthodox Church. They built churches wherever they settled. Armenian churches and secular monuments in Chinsura, Saidabad, Murshidabad, Calcutta and Dhaka are still extant. The early Armenian settlers built a small chapel in the midst of their community graveyard in Armanitola. By the end of the 18th century the Armenian community had grown considerably and the chapel was found inadequate for the needs of the community.

So the chapel was replaced by the Holy Resurrection Church with major donations by Agah Catchick Minas who donated the land and Michael Sarkies, Astwasatoor Gavork, Margar Pogose and Khojah Petrus for construction costs. Before this church had been built, the Armenians were interned beside the Roman Catholic Church at Tejgaon. The church was completed in 1781 and consecrated by His Grace Bishop Ephreim.

Corridor of Armenian Church of Holy Resurrection at Old Dhaka in Bangladesh

The belfry was added in 1837 through donations of another merchant, Johannes Carapiet Sarkies. In the fifty years following the church’s construction, a clock tower was erected on its western side. Allegedly, the clock could be heard four miles away, and people synchronized their watches with the sound of the tower’s bell. The clock stopped in 1880, and an earthquake destroyed the tower in 1897. In 1910, a parsonage was added and the floor of the church was decorated with marble, and electric lights, a donation by Arathoon Stephen of Calcutta.

The plan of Armenian church is rectangular. Features include an arched gate and an arched door. There are a total of four doors and 27 windows. The main floor is divided into three parts: a pulpit enclosed by railings, a middle section with two folding doors, and an area separated by a wooden fence for seating women and children. There is a spiral staircase into the church.

In the old graveyard, among the 350 people buried there, a statue stands at the grave of Catachik Avatik Thomas, portraying his wife. The statue was bought from Kolkata and the grave is inscribed with the words “Best of Husbands.”

Statue on a grave at Armenian Church of Holy Resurrection in Old Dhaka

The Church in present days

Today, the Armenian church in Dhaka is usually closed. The last Armenian that takes cares of the church is Mikel Housep Martirossian (Micheal Joseph Martin). He was also one of the Armenian who was in the jute trade. It has been the subject of BBC and AFP documentaries, and has received recognition from the Bangladesh government as an archaeological site under the jurisdiction of the department of architecture.

Front view of Armenian Church of Holy Resurrection in Old Dhaka

Have you ever visited the Armenian Church in Dhaka? How amazing have you found it? Share your experience with us in comments!

You might also be interested in reading 13 Best places to visit in Bangladesh you can’t miss and 101 Things to know about traveling Bangladesh.

Check out our Old Dhaka Tour to visit the key attractions of Dhaka city, including Armenian Church. Full day tour starts from $52 with air-conditioned car, English speaking guide, all site entrance tickets, and lunch on a local restaurant with authentic local food.

Traveling on budget? Check out this Dhaka City Tour or these half day and full day tours in Dhaka suitable for the budget tourists and backpackers.

To travel Bangladesh with comfort, check out our 01-07 days tours and excursions in Bangladesh and 08-23 days holiday packages in Bangladesh.

Armenian Church of Holi Resurrection at Old Dhaka in Bangladesh
Armenian Church of Holi Resurrection at Old Dhaka in Bangladesh

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